Sprain, what is it?

A sprain is a traumatic injury to a joint, responsible for stretching or breaking ligaments.
The most affected joints are the ankle; wrist; fingers; knee.

What are the different types of sprains? 

  • Mild (mild) sprain: Distension of ligaments without rupture;
  • Severe sprain: A rupture or tearing of the ligaments.

What are the causes? 

  • Brutal movement;
  • Trauma (shock).

What are the contributing factors?

  • Excessive training;
  • Sports practice which particularly exposes the joints (football, handball, basketball, skiing, judo, etc.);
  • Unsuitable shoes;
  • Poor hydration.

What are the signs ?

  • Pain (in the joint) immediately or within hours (at night or the next day);
  • Localized swelling immediately or a few hours later;
  • Hematoma (collection of blood);
  • Difficulty moving the joint.

What to do in the event of a sprain? 

Follow a protocol called GREC (G: ice; R: rest; E: elevation; C: compression):

  • It is imperative to stop sport;
  • Put the affected part to rest;
  • Cool the wound with cool water or ice;
  • Put on a moderately loosely tight bandage.

A medical consultation is still necessary or even essential in order to confirm the diagnosis of the sprain (mild or serious) and to start the appropriate treatment.

How to prevent a sprain?

  • Systematic warm-up before any sporting activity;
  • Sufficient hydration before, during, and after sporting activity (1.5 liters on average per day, this amount should depend on the intensity of physical activity and the climate);
  • Use of suitable footwear.