How to recognize a migraine?
- A migraine is a special form of headache ( headache ). It manifests itself in seizures that can last from a few hours to a few days.
- The frequency of seizures varies greatly from one person to another, ranging from several seizures per week to at least one seizure per year.
- Migraine is distinguished from a headache “headache” by its duration, intensity, and various other symptoms that last from 4 to 72 hours:
- A more intense and lasting headache than ordinary headaches;
- Localized pain, often concentrated on one side of the head;
- Throbbing pain, throbbing, throbbing;
- Nausea and vomiting (often);
- Vision disturbances (blurred vision, black spots);
- A feeling of cold or sweating;
- Increased sensitivity to noise and light (photophobia), which often makes it necessary to isolate yourself in a quiet, darkroom.
What are the triggers for migraine?
The factors that trigger migraines are different from person to person. This may be :
- The change of rhythm of life: stress, annoyance, excess or lack of sleep, a skipped meal or on the contrary a too-large meal;
- The consumption of certain foods or stimulants: chocolate, cold meats, tobacco, coffee, alcohol…;
- Hormonal factors: the case of migraines which occur during menstruation;
- Sensory factors: noise, certain smells, or flashing lights such as spotlights in nightclubs;
How to diagnose migraine?
The consultation remains an essential step in making the diagnosis and prescribing treatment for the crisis from the start of its onset to reduce the pain. Subsequently, the basic treatment is prescribed to reduce the frequency and intensity of migraines.
How to relieve a migraine?
From the first signs:
- Lie down quickly in a dark and cool room in order to avoid bright lights and loud noises that trigger and accentuate the symptoms (pain, nausea, etc.);
- Avoid strong odors of perfume or paint;
- Avoid stressful and upset situations;
- Take a pain reliever;
- Eat foods such as chocolate in moderation.
- Avoid the consumption of alcohol and tobacco.